Fifth month of pregnancy basically includes 17th week-20th week of pregnancy,which identifies the half of your journey of pregnancy will be over,by the end of 5th month.Now,with this month most of the mothers could clearly feel the baby movements,with a clean and visible baby bump.Some of you may also get rid off many of the pregnancy symptoms till now.This article is going to include the growth of baby,symptoms ,physical changes and some tips regarding what to do during your pregnancy period.
GROWTH OF BABY
Firstly,talking about the height in 17th week will be 12-13 cm,and by the 20th week it will be 17-18 cm.Weight of the baby at the starting of this month will be approx 180 gms and by the end of 5th month the weight will be approx 270 gms.Till now,mother’s uterus is similar to a size of a football,which indicates the rapid growth of baby.Now as the baby grows,he starts taking hiccups and practices his sucking movements to have milk after delivery.
Baby’s movements like punching and kicking can be felt by most of the mothers by this month.But there may be cases,where mother may feel this after sometime,so it is nothing to worry about.There are many reasons for late baby movement feeling like mother’s weight,abdominal fat,position of placenta,amount of amniotic fluid around baby etc.
During this month,development of vocal cord will also start and a full reproductive system of the baby will be formed till now.
As hair follicles are already formed ,a layer of hair will also be present there to protect the skin and these hairs on baby’s skin get removed as by the,time there is fat deposition in the baby’s body.At the time of delivery,most of the hairs will be already absent or removed from the skin and if there are some remains of hairs,they can be removed by proper massage of baby.
Also,to protect the baby’s skin,a layer of vernix will also start developing.This vernix is a greasy or slimy textured layer,over the skin of child so the the child’s skin is not harmed by the amniotic fluid.Just after the baby gets delivered,the white layer over the baby’s skin is called Vernix.
Sleeping Pattern of baby starts developing,which means the baby will wake up for sometime,do his regular activities like punching,kicking,sucking,give expressions,roam around the amniotic fluid and sleep,and this continuous for further upcoming months.If mother goes to a noisy place,the baby reacts to it,like if he is sleeping,he will wake up as he is able to listen outside noises.
Most of the symptoms of fourth month will continue in fifth month also,Although,the major ones are reduced till now still,some may have the symptoms like headache,weakness,increase in appetite,constipation,swelling in foot etc.But,don’t take any stress regarding pregnancy symptoms as they are because of pregnancy harmones and increased size of uterus.Some of the other symptoms be like-
Backache-Due to increased size and weight of baby,lower side backache problems are very common and may continue with rest of your pregnancy.
Bleeding gums-This problem is experienced by would be mothers,either due to pregnancy harmones or because of the deficiency of Vitamin K.
Difficulty in breathing-Due to increased level of progesterone harmone or increased weight due to pregnancy,some mothers may experience difficulty in breathing.
White discharge from private part known as Leukorrhea,may be observed,which is caused due to estrogen imbalance during pregnancy.
WHAT TO DO?
To know about the exact growth of your baby,the development ,height and weight of baby,the time has come to do your ultrasound.The day you enter in your 21st week of your pregnancy,you should go to the doctor and consult about ultrasound.The ultrasound at this time is very much essential as it tells about the exact development and growth of baby.If there are any complications regarding the growth of baby,that can be diagnosed on earlier basis and can be cured.If any extra care or precautions are needed they can be undertaken.If necessary,your doctor may also provide you medicines for the timely treatment.Also,in some cases there is major deformity of fetus,like absence of brain or any other vital organ.In such case,doctors remove the fetus and discontinue the pregnancy.
Hence,after 20 weeks or by the end of 5th month of your pregnancy,ultrasound is very much essential to know the exact level or health of pregnancy.So don’t miss this in any case.
Also,go for loose clothing instead of tight clothes.Tight clothes may lead to discomfort in your belly area.Loose clothes make you feel comfortable,with your increasing baby bump.
Due to increased size of your belly,there is stretching in your ligaments which leads to stretch marks over your belly which may increase by the time with your pregnancy.You can start applying stretch mark removal creams to reduce these,as directed by your doctor.
For delivering the baby normally,your pelvic muscles and thigh muscles needs to be really strong,for which doing exercises are must.So add some exercises in your routine along with proper vitamin foods so that you have a proper hemoglobin level and strength to push your baby at the time of delivery.
Also,avoid junk food,go for proper morning and evening walks,and drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.